Heel Pain Calcaneus
Heel pain comes in a variety of different forms. The calcaneus or heel bone often experiences pain in the form of calcaneal spurs. These spurs are small bony projections that form because too much pressure has been put on the sinew and the soles of the feet – usually for an extended period of time. The good news is that pain from calcaneal spurs can easily be managed with stretching, icing, and the use of cushioning orthotics.
Cause Of Calcaneal Spurs
When you step, your calcaneus has to support the weight of your body. For an average size person, that weight is approximately 20 times their own body weight. However, the pillow of fat under the foot softens this to help prevent injury. Unfortunately, athletes do not always warm up properly. Also, other people may over exercise when they are not in shape. When this occurs, they are overloaded. Their sinew and sole muscles become strained. In the process, inflammation occurs and possibly cracks in the sinew.
Once your sinew is cracked, an interesting process occurs. When you sit, the foot muscles will contract to help protect the damaged sinew. However, when you get up, the sinew will crack even more. The body will respond like it to repair a broken bone – basically by wrapping it up in a bone. This results in a small bony projection on the calcaneus, causing heel pain and discomfort.
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Symptoms Of An Overloaded Sinew Or Calcaneul Spur
In order to prevent this heel pain from getting out of hand, it is important to understand the symptoms. It is possible that you have an overloaded sinew or a calcaneal spur if you are experiencing the following:
- Sharp, stabbing pain under or on the inside of your heel
- Pain that disappears when you rest, but gets worse when you get up
- It is more painful in the morning
- The pain is worse when you walk on a hard surface or carry something heavy
- The pain is so severe that it is difficult to continue your daily work.
People At Risk
While a variety of different people can develop heel pain on their calcaneus, certain people are more at risk. People who are overweight and middle-aged tend to suffer with these heel spurs the most. This is often because the size of their fat pillow under their foot decreases and becomes less effective over time. Also, weekend athletes also suffer because they exercise sporadically. Additionally, those who have pronated feet (feet that roll inward while walking or running) are more at risk.