Under Pronation (underpronation)
What is Underpronation?
Under pronation, also referred to as supination, occurs when the foot rolls outwards at the ankle. Some under pronation is normal during movement or when exercising. However, when this type of movement becomes excessive, it may generate severe pain as well as damage to the tissue in the feet.
Symptoms of Underpronation
The most common symptoms of underpronation are pain through the arch of the foot or pain in the heel. In some cases, under pronation can also cause back pain and knee pain. As a result of the feet’s abnormal mechanics, stability may also become impaired since the feet are not hitting the ground in the way that they should.
Conditions Related to Underpronation
Underpronation is also a factor of the most common cause of heel pain, which is plantar fasciitis. Along the bottom of the foot is a tough ligament called the plantar fascia. This ligament attaches to the heel bone and runs the length of the foot towards the toes. Under pronation often delivers excessive pressure and strain on this fibrous band of tissue, causing the band to become overstretched and/or causing tears in the tissue. When this occurs, aching pain results in the heel of the foot.
Another common source of heel pain that may result from underpronation is heel spurs. When excessive pressure causes the plantar fascia to pull away from the heel bone, a bony fragment of calcium may form. This condition can develop separately, or at the same time as plantar fasciitis. Again, this is a serious cause of heel pain which is generated from the spur as it digs into sensitive tissue in the heel of the foot during movement.
There are several factors that may contribute to under pronation. Shoes play an integral role. Without supportive shoes that cushion the heel and arch of the foot, the mechanics of the foot may become seriously impaired leading to pronation and/or other conditions of heel pain. Repetitive stress or overuse may also lead to underpronation since this may weaken tissue in the foot, leading to impaired mechanics.
How to Treat Underpronation
One of the most important ways to treat underpronation is by first getting a pair of supportive shoes. They should feel comfortable and fit well against the contours of your feet. They should also be the correct size in regards to length, width, as well as depth. Make sure there is ample support and cushioning throughout the shoe and that they provide excellent stability for the foot during movement.
Luckily, surgery for underpronation is not usually necessary. There are simple methods to help prevent damage to the foot. First, always properly warm up and cool down while exercising. Many athletes forget this simple, yet crucial step which is necessary for preventing injury. Keeping the tissue strong and flexible is also important so it’s crucial to stretch the area, which also helps to prevent injury.
An orthotics device, such as HTP Heel Seats, can also be a valuable tool in healing and preventing cases of heel pain that may result from underpronation. Plantar fasciitis and heel spurs are common components of underpronation and can be easily relieved through this clinically proven, simple device. When applied to any pair of shoes, Heel Seats add the structural support that may be missing, which is necessary to reduce stain on the heel and reverse damage. Injury to the planar fascia ligament can be effectively treated thanks to the Heel Seat’s patented Fascia Bar which works to stretch the plantar fascia ligament, facilitate healing, and maintains the flexibility and strength of the plantar fascia to help prevent further occurrences of plantar fasciitis and related conditions of heel pain.